北京体彩网  無論是什么考試,真題的意義不言而喻。我們要利用好真題的作用,讓自己感受真實考試的氛圍。在CATTI考試之前我們也要做幾套真題練練手,方便我們查缺補漏,下面就是2019年6月CATTI三筆真題·實務+答案,有需要的朋友來往下看看吧。

  英譯漢

  passage 1

  Both WHO’s constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Right assert that health is a human right, not a privilege for those who can afford it. Over time, that right has made its way into both national and international law. But importantly, the right to health is not simply a noble idea on a piece of paper.

北京体彩网  世界衛生組織《組織法》與《世界人權宣言》(Universal Declaration of Human Right)均強調健康是一項人權,而不是那些有經濟實力者享有的特權。隨著時間的推移,健康權已逐漸載入各國法律和國際法律。但重要的是,健康權絕非只是紙上空談。

  It has been a platform for major improvements in global health. Since 1948, life expectancy has increased by 25 years. Maternal and childhood mortality have plummeted. Smallpox has been eradicated and polio is on the brink. We have turned the tide on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Deaths from malaria have dropped dramatically. New vaccines have made once-feared diseases easily preventable. And there are many other causes for celebration. But even as we continue to struggle with old threats, new ones have arisen. Climate change will have profound effects on health. Antimicrobial resistance has the potential to undo the gains of modern medicine. Vaccine hesitancy is putting millions of young lives at risk. Noncommunicable diseases, including heart disease, stroke, cancer diabetes, hypertension, lung diseases and mental illnesses have become the major killers of our time. And of course, we continue to face the ever-present threat of outbreaks and other health emergencies.

  健康權一直是全球健康狀況得以獲得重大改善的平臺。自1948年以來,預期壽命延長了25歲。產婦和兒童死亡率快速下跌。天花已被消滅,脊髓灰質炎也已處在被消滅的邊緣。艾滋病毒/艾滋病的勢頭得到扭轉。瘧疾致死的現象急劇減少。得益于新疫苗的出現,曾經讓人談虎色變的疾病也變得易于預防。還有其他進步可喜可賀。但是,就在我們繼續對抗既有健康威脅之時,新的健康威脅已經出現。氣候變化會對健康產生深遠影響。抗微生物藥物耐藥性有可能讓現代醫學取得的成果蕩然無存。“疫苗猶豫”正危及數百萬年輕人的生命。心臟病、中風、癌癥、糖尿病、高血壓、肺病和精神疾病等非傳染性疾病已成為當今時代的頭號殺手。當然,我們還無時不刻不在面臨著疫情和其他突發衛生事件的威脅。

  In the past 12 months, WHO has responded to 47 emergencies in 50 countries. We are currently responding to an outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, very near the border with Uganda. As of today, there have been 373 cases and 216 deaths since the outbreak started in August. So far, we have managed to prevent Ebola from spreading across the border, largely because we have much better tools with which to fight Ebola than at any time in history. More than 32,000 people have been vaccinated, which is one of the reasons the outbreak has not spread further than it has. We also have ways to treat those infected. So far, 150 people have been treated with one of four drugs. 14 million travelers have been screened, there have been more than 190 safe and dignified burials, we have done door-to-door advocacy in almost 4000 households and we have trained more than 500 community leaders. But this outbreak has been much more difficult to control, largely because of the security situation in eastern DRC. Armed groups operating in the area conduct regular attacks on the city of Beni, the epicentre of the outbreak. And every time there is an attack, the virus gets an advantage. Vaccination and contact tracing are disrupted.

  在過去的12個月內,世衛組織應對了50個國家47起突發事件。我們目前正在處理鄰近烏干達邊境的剛果民主共和國爆發的埃博拉疫情。自8月爆發以來,迄今已有373例病例和216例死亡。到目前為止,我們已成功阻止埃博拉病毒蔓延越過邊境,這主要因為我們采用了有史以來最好的幾種手段對抗埃博拉病毒。超過3.2萬人接種了疫苗,這是疫情沒有進一步擴散的原因之一。此外,我們也有治療感染者的方法。到目前為止,已有150人接受了四種藥物中的一種治療。1400萬游客經過篩查;超過190人得到安全、體面埋葬;挨家挨戶宣傳達到近4000戶;500多名社區領導接受了培訓。但此次疫情控制難度加大,這主要歸咎于剛果民主共和國東部的安全局勢。在該地區作戰的武裝分子頻繁襲擊疫情中心貝尼市(Beni),而每次襲擊都為病毒創造了有利條件,中斷了疫苗接種和接觸者追蹤工作。

  Health security and health systems are two sides of the same coin. The best long-term investment in protecting and promoting the right to health is to invest in stronger health systems. Because there is simply no other way to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals than primary health care, with a focus on health promotion and disease prevention. But it will also require WHO and the global health community to work in a much more integrated and coherent way. That’s why WHO and 10 other international health agencies have agreed to work together on a Global Action Plan for Healthy Lives and Well-Being. The plan has three strategic approaches: integrate, accelerate and account. First, we have committed to integrate many of our processes to increase our collective efficiency. Second, we have committed to accelerate progress by identifying areas of work in which we can truly bend the curve and make more rapid progress towards the health-related SDGs – like research and development, data and sustainable financing. And third, we have committed to keep each other accountable, both to the people we serve, and to the donors and partners who expect results from the resources they give us.

北京体彩网  衛生安全和醫療衛生體系是同一事物的兩個方面。保護和促進健康權的最佳長期投資方式是投資更強大的醫療衛生體系。初級衛生保健以促進健康和預防疾病為重點,而除了初級衛生保健,根本沒有其他方法可以實現全民健康覆蓋與可持續發展目標(Sustainable Development Goals)。但這還需要世衛組織與全球衛生界加強協調合作。這就是世衛組織與其他10個國際衛生機構同意共同推行“全球健康生活與福祉行動計劃”(Global Action Plan for Healthy Lives and Well-Being)的原因。這項計劃有三大戰略方法:整合流程、加快進程與承擔責任。首先,我們已承諾整合諸多流程,提高集體效率。其次,我們已承諾,通過確定能夠真正扭轉局勢的工作領域(如研發、數據和可持續融資領域),加速實現與健康相關的可持續發展目標,從而加快進程。最后,我們已承諾人人承擔責任,不僅對所服務的對象負責,也要對出資出力、期待其有所成效的捐助者與合作者負責。

  漢譯英

  passage 1

北京体彩网  互聯網在中國改革開放中的重要作用怎么說都不為過。從2000年開始,中國互聯網應用的普及,到現在快20年的時間。尤其是在最后的這15年,互聯網為保持高速發展起到了決定性的作用。經濟發展有兩個東西是至關重要的:第一就是提高生產效率,提升產品質量,生產出更有創意的設計;第二就是保持渠暢通,使工廠生產的東西以最快的速度、最低的成本送到消費者的手里。互聯網在這兩個環節都為中國的產業發展起到了決定性的作用。

  The importance of the Internet in China’s reform and opening up cannot be overstated. The year of 2000 marks the beginning of nearly two decades’ popularity the Internet has enjoyed in China. Especially over the last 15 years, the Internet has played a decisive role in sustaining rapid development of the country. Economic development is enabled, crucially, by two factors: first, the improvement of production efficiency with higher product quality and more creative designs, and second, open channels through which factory products can be delivered to customers at the fastest speed and lowest cost. That is how the Internet decisively accounts for China’s industrial development.

  互聯網的發展在設計理念和設計人才方面極大的縮小了我們與國際先進的國家的差距。通過互聯網,我們可以通過互聯網以更快的速度獲取全球最先進的設計技術和理念。更重要的是通過互聯網可以產生更多的效應。這就極大地加快了經濟發展的速度。

  The development of the Internet has significantly narrowed our gap with advanced countries in design concepts and design talents. We are offered a faster access to the world’s state-of-the-art design techniques and concepts by the Internet. More importantly, the Internet can bring about more effects. This has greatly accelerated economic development.

北京体彩网  在渠道的領域,互聯網的效果更加明顯,比如電商。老百姓通過互聯網更容易表達他自己的意愿,更容易對我們現有的一些產品提出一些批評性的意見,而這些也都更好地推動企業的生產,推動政府職能的現代化。首先,是城市人和農村人在獲取信息和溝通信息上平等,大家都可以通過互聯網實時看到中國的發展和中國城市的發展。互聯網刺激百姓謀求美好生活的意愿,并且將意愿化為前行的強大動力。

  As for channels, the Internet has an even more evident effect, for example, on e-commerce. It has made it easier for ordinary people to express their own will, and share critical comments on some of our existing products, which will facilitate the production of enterprises and the modernization of government functions. Firstly, people in urban and rural areas, by going online, are equal in accessing and communicating information, which allows all of them to see the development of China and Chinese cities in real time. The Internet then stimulates the aspirations of common people to seek a better life, and turns their aspirations into a powerful driving force for development.

北京体彩网  這些內容大家都看明白了嗎?真題與答案大家要好好利用起來,先自己做一遍真題,然后再按照答案對照一遍,相信大家可以獲得不小的收獲。如果你想接受更專業的培訓,也可以來滬江網校,這里的相關課程已經開始啦,來看看吧!